Many people experience bleeding gums everyday while brushing or flossing, but they tend to neglect the problem. Though the fact is that, it is one such problem that you cannot afford to ignore. This condition is often accompanied by inflammation, pain, receding gums, bad breath, and even toothache. It is an obvious sign of unhealthy gums. It is a symptom of gingivitis and other periodontal disease. The tissues of gums provide support to the teeth. If the condition is left untreated, it may loosen your teeth and eventually lead to loss of teeth.
Lack of proper dental care is the main cause of this condition. Some people use hard and stiff bristled toothbrush for effective cleaning. This can badly hurt the soft tissues of gums, making them bleed when brushing teeth. Exerting too much pressure while flossing teeth may also cause bruises in the gums. Besides, nutritional deficiency can be responsible for tender bleeding gums. Lack of calcium, vitamin C, and vitamin K often cause this problem. Pregnancy hormones can also cause the gums to bleed in expecting mothers. People affected by kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, or leukemia may also get this problem.
When there is an occasional bleeding, it can be checked with the help of good oral hygiene. In other cases, you have to try out some other home remedies as well. They are:
As improper brushing is one of the key reasons behind bleeding gums, you must know how to brush your teeth properly. Check out the bristles of your toothbrush. If it has stiff bristles, you should switch over to a soft-bristled toothbrush. You should use a fluoride-free natural toothpaste if your gums bleed. While brushing along the gum line, position the toothbrush at 45 degrees angle and make small circular strokes for thorough cleaning.
Flossing of teeth is equally important as it reaches out to those areas which cannot be accessed while brushing. It takes out food particles trapped in between teeth, and thus, prevents plaque formation. If you were not flossing, then regular flossing can lessen the intensity of bleeding from gums very soon. But, be gentle on your gums. Extra pressure does not mean extra cleaning.
The simplest treatment is with the help of saltwater. Mix one teaspoon of table salt in a glass of warm water. Use this solution to rinse your mouth thoroughly. This should be done three times in a day for best results.
Grapefruit Seed Extract
This destroys the bacteria responsible for tenderness and bleeding of the gums. To apply it on the gums, coat the dental floss with grapefruit seed extract, and use it on the gums between the teeth from where bleeding occurs. Alternately, you can prepare a mouthwash by adding a few drops of grapefruit seed extract in a cup of water. Rinse your mouth with this solution. This will help fight bad breath too.
Milk of Magnesia
Milk of magnesia has an amazing effect on the problem. Add one tablespoon of milk of magnesia in 4 ounces of water. After brushing your teeth, gargle with this solution. When used regularly, it stops gum bleeding.
To stop gum bleeding after tooth extraction, you can apply a cold black teabag in the area. In a small bowl, put an ice cube and some water. Place a black teabag in it till the teabag is fully soaked in water. Then, squeeze out the excess water from the teabag, place it on the bleeding socket, and bite it. Keep the teabag inside the mouth till it becomes warm. Black tea contains tannin that stops the bleeding with just one application.
The aforementioned treatments should reduce the intensity of bleeding in one or two days. If it does not, then it could be a serious gum disease, and you must visit your dentist for a thorough dental check up.